User Tools

Site Tools


workshops:gnu_autotools

Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

workshops:gnu_autotools [2017/10/12 21:58] (current)
Line 1: Line 1:
 +====== GNU Autotools & Systemd vs SysV ======
 +
 +24th September
 +
 +===== An overview of GNU autotools by Danny Robson =====
 +
 +{{:​workshops:​20140924-autotools.pdf|autotools.pdf}}
 +
 +Notes:
 +- creates Makefile and is the standard way of working
 +- standard configure, make, make install.
 +- great for a heap of distros and different architecture
 +- great for anything but windows.
 +- bit more painful for Windows
 +- it's old, but it's reliable & stable.
 +- good for specific languages c,​C++,​objective C, erlang. Not so much python, ruby, lisp, perl.
 +
 +- configure.ac - where is the compiler, where are the tools, uses M4 language
 +- autoconf - creates configure shell script.
 +- configure - how we are going to build things
 +- Makefile.am -  what do you want to build, where are those files
 +
 +Simplified
 +- You only really need to worry about these two files
 +  - configure.ac - tools
 +  - makefile.am - where your source is.
 +
 +- autoscan can create your configure.ac,​ it's not perfect
 +- autoproject - same but from debian, it's complicated.
 +
 +- autoconf uses any file with a '​.in'​ extension.
 +
 +- AC_SEARCH_LIBS allows you to find libraries depending on the distro
 +
 +- pkg-config
 +
 +- autoheader - lots of defines
 +- autoconf-archive - finds a lot of libs
 +- gettext - I18n, compiles into different languages.
 +- libtool - Huge library tools. Helps with many systems for library.
 +
 +Further Reading
 +- Don't bother with the 'Goat book'
 +- Read GNU manuals, really good.
 +- man pkg-config, lists all options you need.
 +
 +===== Systemd vs Sys-V =====
 +
 +It was mostly a one sided arguement for systemd. Join the mailing list for an ongoing debate between the two.
  
workshops/gnu_autotools.txt ยท Last modified: 2017/10/12 21:58 (external edit)